Teeth To Dentures Diary

Part II

Please read part 1 first – Teeth To Dentures

The events below are the journey and challenges starting with my surgery, the infection, and the resulting C. Diff from being on antibiotics for too long. As mentioned in my previous post Teeth To Dentures I do not blame my surgeon, the surgery, or the hospital for any of this but a medical system where doctors are too busy to follow up on test results.

Surgery July 6, 2023

I had a complete dental extraction performed under full anesthetic by Dr. Yim at Trenton Hospital. Dr. Yim was not comfortable doing my surgery in the office operating room due to Sjogren’s and the number of teeth I needed to have removed.

I had 4 implants put in my lower jaw to help keep the dentures in place as no saliva means no suction to hold them in. Dr. Yim said that he had to resection my bottom jaw to ensure the bone was good for the implants. I was sent home same day with prophylactic Clindamycin 300 mg X 4 daily.

I started to get an infection just 2 days after my surgery. I could not wear my immediate dentures because I was too sore. On July 13th I saw another surgeon at Centennial as Dr. Yim was not in the office. Amox-Clav 875/125 mg was added to the Clindamycin.

Back to Centennial on July 18th. Dr. Yim stopped the Clindamycin and added metronidazole 500 mg to the Amox-Clav. This treatment was repeated until finished on August 14.

On August 17th Dr. Yim finally declared the infection was cleared up and there was no more need for antibiotics. The next day I had my monthly bloodwork done at Lifelabs. I was still feeling quite unwell and the results showed still WBC was still high at 20 and neutrophils, etc., and CRP were also high (CRP is never high no matter how much pain I am in typically).

Hospital Admission

August 19 I went to the ER by ambulance feeling confused, fever, and quite unwell with sweats and chills. The ER doctor said that my WBC was over 40 which was at least double from the day before. I Was admitted for IV antibiotics but since there was no bed was available I spent the night in ER.

In the morning, August 20th, I told the ER nurse that I had lost track of the number of times I had watery diarrhea after about the 20th time. I was asked to provide a sample. C. diff test was done early morning. I was moved to a private isolation room as the result was positive for Clostridioides difficile or C. diff.

During my 9-day hospital stay I was started on Amlodipine 5 mg as my blood pressure would not come down. I stopped taking it about 3 weeks after release.

Finally on August 27th I was discharged with a diagnosis of Clostridioides difficile cholangitis and orders to take Amlodipine if my home blood pressure was still high and to finish a 14 day course of Vancomycin 125 mg that was started during admission.

What Is Clostridioides Difficile?

Clostridioides difficile or C. Diff or C. difficile as it is also known as is not pleasant, can make you very sick, and could kill you if you don’t get it treated. I’m sure many of you have heard how we have both good and bacteria in our guts. C. Diff is a germ that flourishes in the gut microbiome. It takes over the good bacteria and causes diarrhea, fever, stomach tenderness or pain, loss of appetite and nausea. It can lead to colitis (inflammation of the colon) and dehydration. In my case my WBC went sky high and I felt very unwell. Dehydration caused my muscles to seize up and become painful and I had a headache that not even the pain killers I was given via IV helped. IV fluids did help thankfully so it is fairly clear that my pain was likely related to dehydration. It caused a flare as well so not fun at all.

One of the main causes of C. Diff is being on antibiotics. Some antibiotics have a higher risk than others of causing it. The risks become even greater if you are on immune suppressants for your autoimmune diseases.

If your C. Diff is caused by antibiotic use it will usually start right after you have finished antibiotics. It is important to get medical attention because it can cause permanent bowel damage.

A fact sheet for C. Diff can be found at Public Health Agency Canada Infectious Diseases.

Relapse Of C. Diff

On September 8th I returned to ER with C. diff symptoms. The ER doctor indicated that it was not safe for me to be admitted this time and I was discharged with a 2-month taper of Vancomycin 125 mg. I was sent home with meds as my pharmacy was closed. Vancomycin was started on September 11 th – 4 times daily for 10 days, then 2 times daily for 7 days, then 1 time daily for 7 days, then 1 every other day for 4 weeks.

By November 2 nd while I no longer have watery diarrhea I still had very soft, messy stool 5 to 8 times a day. Vancomycin was finished 2 days prior. I was sleeping way too much and would fall asleep even at the dining room table if I was sitting quietly after eating. I had a breakout of red sores which turn to dry skin as they heal that looked very much like psoriasis. These rashes actually started while I was in the hospital the first time.

I was even weaker than normal. I couldn’t open things I normally could. I was dropping things sometimes even involuntarily throwing them. My Legs give way, mostly on the left side hip and outer thigh. I trip several times a day. I have chest pain on swallowing.

High Platelets go back to at least 2018 (that is as far back as Life Labs reports go) and my WBC has been high since 2021 so over 2 years. I don’t think these results have anything to do with C. Diff but I feel they are significant in that no one is investigating why.

Second Relapse Of C. Diff Resulting In 2nd Hospitalization

On November 22nd I went to ER and was admitted for C. diff again. This time I was only in for 4 days. I was given IV fluids due to dehydration even though I had a litre of IV Lactated Ringers just the day before. My WBC was quite high again and I was put back on Vancomycin. On November 24th I Vancomycin was replaced with Fidaxomicin in the evening. The next day, November 25th I was released from hospital with a prescription for Fidaxomicin to take until finished.

I finished Fidaxomicin on December 5.

Ongoing Issues

By December 20th I was having similar symptoms. The blood work I had done on December 14th showed my WBC was normal so I was hesitant to return to the ER to be checked. I also didn’t want to be in the hospital over Christmas and thought that would be the only option.

Third Relapse of C-Diff ER Visit

My symptoms continued and as the days went by I became more unwell. On January 6th I had 12 episodes of diarrhea in two hours which forced me to the ER again.

I was not admitted this time but was given fluids and after the ER doctor consulted with an infectious disease specialist, I was given a prescription for Vancomycin 125 mg X 4 daily for 14 days to use as bridge until Fidaxomicin can be obtained. Fidaxomicin is a very expensive drug so government approval under the EAP or Exceptional Access Program had to be obtained to get coverage for it. Will start the prescription of Fidaxomicin 200 mg X 2 daily for 5 days then 200 mg X 1 every other day for 20 days tomorrow, January 15th when I can finally pick it up at the pharmacy.

This time, in addition to the symptoms I had previously I have fairly severe back pain that comes around to the pelvic area and down the front of my legs making walking very difficult.

Follow Up To Hospital Admission With Family Doctor

I finally got in to see my family doctor on January 11th for the follow up visit from my last admission to the hospital. We also talked about the ER visit on the weekend. He made a referral for me to an infectious disease specialist in Kingston. To my surprise I already have an appointment on January 31st. I was afraid that it would be months like other specialists so am thankful that it is coming up so quickly.

Shocking Cost Of Medication!

In Canada the first course of treatment is Vancomycin and if that doesn’t work they use Fidaxomicin. A 14-day course of Vancomycin cost $322.12. This was given to me to take while approval for the Fidaxomicin came in. I just picked it up this morning (January 15th) it was $2014.35 for just 20 pills! I was so thankful that both lots of pills were covered by ODB (the Ontario Drug Benefits plan) under the EAP (Exceptional Access Program).

Please see my previous post Teeth To Dentures for information about how I got here. I will continue with this post after I see the specialist at the end of the month.

Teeth To Dentures

My Journey And The Challenges Along The Way

Why I Decided On Dentures

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Ugly photos of my teeth. I used to be complimented all the time on my smile before Sjogren’s made a mess of my teeth.

For several years I had a wonderful dentist Dr. Ramy Elsayegh in Napanee, Ontario. He is kind, gentle, and was the first dentist that understood what I was going through with Sjogren’s and that it was not my fault that my teeth were in bad shape.

Dr. Elsayegh or Dr. Ramy as he is affectionately called arranged to get coverage for cleanings every 3 months but I was getting 2-3 new cavities showing up with every cleaning but other than the one tooth I lost in front due to not being able to get in fast enough (in 6 weeks it went from a fillable cavity to having to be pulled) he kept me going but it was starting to become a losing battle.

When I turned 65 I lost all of my benefits including dental. I qualified for the Ontario government’s program for lower income seniors but COVID was with us and trying to get an appointment was not easy. I finally got in to see one of their dentists for an assessment but it would take weeks to get in for a filling and my teeth rotted so quickly that they finally declared that they would not to any more restorative work and that I would have to get dentures.

Wow! talk about panic. I had been told by 3 dentists already that because my mouth was so severely dry with Sjogren’s that dentures would not stay in place since no saliva meant that there would be no suction to secure them in place and the adhesives available would most likely irritate my mouth and create sores so that wasn’t an option either. Time to become a sleuth to try and find a way that didn’t involve being toothless!

Research

Any procedure as big as having all your teeth removed and replacing them with dentures requires some in-depth searching of facts especially when you have the challenges of severe dry mouth with Sjogren’s. I will use the term research for this process to simplify matters but not to confuse with what “real” researches do.

Implants

One of the first things I looked into were implants. They put in titanium posts that individual false teeth attach to. These are permanent and I thought I had found the answer. No such luck. The cost was extremely prohibitive and even if it wasn’t I kept reading about how the risk was high for failure with Sjogren’s.

Implant Assisted Dentures

Then I saw an article about implant assisted dentures. I could get a couple of titanium implants and the dentures would attach to them to secure them in place but there was still the “implants have a high risk of failing in Sjogren’s patients” thought making me question if that would be an issue for me.

Once again I searched the Internet looking for signs of hope and I finally came across articles from legitimate research websites that indicate new studies show that Sjogren’s patients are no more likely that a healthy patient to have implants fail. A study listed on The National Library of Medicine website indicates that researchers looked at several previous studies on the success rate of implants and came to the conclusion that there was a 93.7% survival rate of implants over an approximately 4-year followup. It goes on to indicate that “all included studies observed an increase in the quality of life of SS patients who were rehabilitated through dental implants.” I was excited! This might work for me!

Note: Conditions that do have a greater failure rate include low insertion torque, peri-implant disease, smoking, bruxism, diabetes, and bisphosphonates.

I made an appointment with Dr. Ramy even though he was no longer my dentist. He referred me to Dr. Martin at Napanee Denture Clinic. Another wonderful man who is gentle, patient, and compassionate. He explained all my options and was happy to hear about the study I had found indicating that my success with implants was the same as anyone else’s. He then referred me to Dr. Yim at Centennial Oral and maxillofacial Surgery.

This picture shows how dentures can be attached to 4 implants with a bar to secure them. This is what I opted for. I could have saved money and just got 2 implants but I decided to get 4 after chatting chatting with Dr. Yim. It gave me peace of mind to know that if one failed for whatever reason I would still have 3 more available to use.

Implants were $2000 each and included all follow up visits.

When I went back to see Dr. Martin and told him that I had decided to get 4 implants instead of 2 he told me about the bar that can be added to the implants. This is a permanent fixture that the dentures snap into. Not only does this make the denture more stable in your mouth but it helps to prevent the dentures from rubbing on the gums so there is much less chance of getting sores. The bar helps to make your denture work like real teeth and because it stimulates your jaw bone it helps to prevent bone loss. When the time comes to get new dentures the titanium bar and the implants they attach to are permanent and don’t need to be replaced.

Immediate Dentures

Dr. Martin made me a temporary set of dentures as it takes approximately 6 months for the implants to heal into the bone and to be strong enough to attach the dentures to. This is me with immediate dentures in. Unfortunately, I had many challenges along the way. I will make a diary post outlining everything I have gone through and will add to it until I finally get my permanent teeth.

To put it in a nutshell, I got a serious infection just a couple of days after my surgery. My surgery was done in the hospital due to the number of teeth being extracted. Dr. Yim also restructured my lower jaw bone. It is likely, based on several months of previous bloodwork showing a high WBC, how quickly the infection started, and the presentation of infection (it started on the top and eventually spread to the bottom instead of the other way around) that I had an infection prior to my surgery. My doctor indicated that it was just from inflammation so I urge you to get bloodwork done and challenge any results that could indicate infection. I had more than just the WBC.

I do not blame my surgeon Dr. Yim or the surgery but a medical system that makes doctors so busy that they ignore test results.

Please read my next post which will be a diary of the challenges I had with the infection that I am still fighting now mid January from the surgery I had done on July 6th.

Viagra ~ A Treatment For Scleroderma?

Lupus, Sjogren’s, Other Autoimmune Diseases, and Gastroparesis

Update

Since I wrote this article I have discovered additional information that Sildenafil/Viagra is also being studied for gastroparesis! I will need to create another article! Could it be that Viagra will be helpful for many different autoimmune disorders and complications?


It has been a while since I have done anything here but this morning I heard a radio show that intrigued me so much I had no choice but to write about it.

Silvia Petrozza “The Autoimmune Slayer”

I spotted the interview with Silvia Petrozza “The Autoimmune Slayer on the Scleroderma Canada Facebook Page.

Listen to the interview with Sauga 960 AM

Christine Elliott Ontario’s Minister Of Health

What I found so intriguing about Silvia’s interview with Sauga is the fact that she has been advocating the use of sildenafil/Viagra as a treatment for certain aspects of scleroderma. Silvia wants to see coverage for “the little blue pill” by the Ontario Drug Benefits Program (ODB). She says that one or two pills can keep scleroderma patients out of the hospital for treatments that are high risk and take at least a couple of days of 15-minute monitoring. Sounds like big savings to me. If it works perhaps more people could be treated because so many doctors won’t prescribe these risky treatments.

Silvia has been working with Christine Elliott to get coverage for nearly 3 years now. There is concern that the June provincial election will mean having to start over with the new minister of health. I’m hoping that the new minister will be empathetic after reading whatever files Christine Elliot has on this.

This article talks about a few of the symptoms of systemic sclerosis or systemic scleroderma and how the little blue pill may be able to treat some of them.

Types Of Scleroderma

To start, it is important to know that there are several different types of scleroderma that confound the issue for many doctors and that patient symptoms vary greatly.
(See symptoms of systemic sclerosis)

The Scleroderma Information Project is one of the better websites I have found to obtain a wealth of good solid information about scleroderma. The man behind it all is Ed Harris who has the limited form of scleroderma himself and is a researcher in the US. The chart showing the different types of scleroderma is from this site.

Based on the radio interview, I believe that Silvia has Diffuse Scleroderma or Diffuse systemic sclerosis which means that along with all the internal involvement she has skin involvement as well. Scleroderma is an umbrella term for the various types and the names have all been updated which can lead to even more confusion.

I have limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis. Don’t let the word limited fool you. Notice that the word cutaneous comes after limited so it means limited skin involvement. My skin is only hard and shiny on my fingers, palms, and feet. My mouth is getting smaller, and I don’t have many wrinkles around my eyes for my age. These are the only outward signs I have but on the inside, I am a mess. I also have multiple organ involvement which comes with its own challenges.

Why am I putting this out there? To try and bring some awareness of what people with scleroderma are facing because far too often we look healthy. I don’t believe I look all that healthy anymore though. I think my disease has been ignored to the point that I can no longer compensate.

People have heard of lupus and doctors understand lupus better. That does not mean that the medical system is good to those with lupus because it is not. Scleroderma is rare and doctors often don’t think we are sick because most of us do not look ill unless there is a lot of skin involvment. To confuse the issue I many doctors equate how sick you are to the degree of skin of skin involvment. I have very little skin involvement and wish I had a dollar for every doctor who told me that I either don’t have it or I’m not that sick. It has only been the last few years that I’ve really shown any sign of skin involvment and it is very little in spite of having scleroderma for decades. I do have a lot of internal issues including heart, lungs, veins, and my entire GI system, not to mention problems with my eyes.

I have not been given a formal diagnosis of Overlap yet but more and more I believe that is what I have rather than limited. I asked my rheumatologist if she would test me for lupus because I’ve had what looks to be the lupus butterfly rash for quite some time. I was originally diagnosed with rosacea but none of the rosacea creams worked but the cream I was prescribed for my recent diagnosis of psoriasis which is also prescribed for lupus did. She looked at my chart and said “Oh, you do have the lupus antibodies so we don’t need to test.” When I asked why I wasn’t informed about it she didn’t have an answer for me. When I asked if I had psoriatic arthritis I was told that it was entirely possible but it would be too difficult to get a formal diagnosis because the symptoms overlap so much with scleroderma and Sjogren’s (yes, I have that too). From what I’ve read about psoriatic arthritis it does fill in the gap for a few of my symptoms that are not listed for my other autoimmune diseases.

Can The Little Blue Pill Actually Work For Scleroderma?

According to Scleroderma News, the answer could be YES! It has already been approved in the US and Europe for Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension or PAH

Sildenafil Approved For PAH

Sildenafil, the main ingredient in Viagra, has already been approved to treat PAH, a complication of scleroderma, by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in June 2005 and by the European Medicines Agency in October 2005. Studies showed that Sildenafil significantly reduced blood pressure in the lungs thereby reducing the effects of PAH.

Raynaud’s Relief?

For those not familiar, Raynauds is disease where the blood vessels spasm in response to cold, stress, or emotional upset. This happens mainly to fingers and toes. For me, my entire hands and feet are affected. For others, it can also happen to the knees, nipples, and nose.

When this happens the affected body parts can turn white or even blue! This is very painful both when it happens and when blood flow is restored and turns the hands red. Raynaud’s can also cause painful sores that are difficult to heal.

This video is from the Raynaud’s page on the John Hopkins website. It shows what happens during a Raynaud’s attack.

Clinical trials show that Sildenafil appears to decrease the number of Raynaud’s attacks that scleroderma patients get but does not seem to have any effect on the severity.

Of interest, Raynaud’s can happen on its own or with many different connective tissues or autoimmune diseases so could be a treatment for these patients who have Raynauds also. Raynaud’s can also be caused by smoking, chemical exposure, injury or trauma, repetative actions such as typing, using vibrating tools such as a jack hammer, and as a side effect of certain medications.

Sildenafil may be an effective treatment for Raynaud’s patients who are resistant to the current treatment of blood pressure medications or those of us whose blood pressure is too low to take blood pressure meds.

Digital Ulcers

As you can see, digital ulcers are nasty looking sores that can be caused by Raynaud’s and the resulting lack of blood flow. These sores are often infected. However, I read a post by someone in one of my support groups about how she was made to feel like a fool for going to the ER for help with one of these painful sores that was not infected.

The doctor laughed at her for coming to the ER for a small sore on her finger. Unfortunately, many doctors don’t understand what we go through and we are often treated this way for just about everything we go to the ER for. Most of us just stop going. In 2015, I had a tiny blister on my baby finger that took me to the ER. I’d had a very severe bout of Raynaud’s several days prior caused by an extreme emotional upset at work (harrassment by supervisors) and my baby finger stayed blue for well over a week and would not pink up. It is still sensitive to this day! I was lucky that my appointment with my rheumatologist happened while I was dealing with this issue. She prescribed a nitroglycerin cream to try and get the blood flowing again. It hurt like the dickens every time I applied it but the concern was that it could turn to gangrene and require amputation if the blood didn’t start pooling again.

I think it was only because I had the prescription with me that the ER doctor believed my story and took a closer look at my finger. She declared that it was infected and that she would lance it. She was amazed at the amount of pus came out because it only looked like a blister on the surface. I was given a course of antibiotics.

I consider myself to be lucky that my sore was just an infection because a lot of doctors don’t get that these digital ulcers start on the inside at the bone and work their way out! They are quite nasty and extremely painful especially when infected. They can even lead to amputation if gangrene sets in which does happen.

Clinical Trials For Digital Ulcers

The result of a clinical trial in France showed that sildenafil reduced the number of digital ulcers present compared to a placebo. Unfortunately, the trial did not prove it’s primary focus that sildenafil improved the healing of digital ulcers because there was a high number of healing in the placebo group as well. This may have been due to patients in the trial taking the placebo that were also taking calcium channel blockers were greater than the number taking blood pressure meds in the sildenafil group.

However, the sildenafil group did show a higher number of healing ulcers than the placebo group. It was just not determined significant.

Conclusion

In my opinion as a scleroderma patient, I’m not a researcher or medical person of any description, I think there may be something to the little blue pill. Sildenafil is marketed by Pfizer as Revatio and is the main ingredient in Viagra.

I for one am keeping my fingers crossed that Silvia Petrozza is successful in getting this treatment covered by the Ontario Drug Benefit Program. It seems rather absurd that it is not covered already when the alternative could be several days in the hospital on a regular basis for risky treatments requiring monitoring every 15 minutes.

My Medical Issues

Okay, here goes. This is a quick overview of the medical issues I have had to learn to live with. In future posts I will provide more details about these issues and provide you with links to legitimate resources about each one. As mentioned in my first post, my goal is to help as many people as I can based on my personal experience with these diseases and my years of research.

Limited Cutaneous Systemic Sclerosis (LcSSc)
AKA Scleroderma CREST

This was the first autoimmune disease I was diagnosed with back in the 80s. It took over a decade to get a diagnosis and I was often told it was in my head. I was even sent to a psychiatrist. Lucky for me, the psychiatrist was able to discern that there was nothing wrong with my mental health and that I needed to keep pushing my doctor to figure out what was wrong.

Originally, I was told all I had was Raynaud’s and that the only thing it caused was hands and feet that would turn blue with the cold. This was discovered while waiting for a doctor to do a physical exam. I turned blue in his cold office so he was able to see it happening. I was then referred to the rheumatologist that told me that Raynaud’s was nothing. I know now that Raynaud’s can cause a lot of issues if it is not treated properly. With Raynaud’s the blood vessels spasm with cold or stress and can cut off the circulation to the point that gangrene can set in. Raynaud’s can be a big deal even if that is all you have.

Limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis is a variety of scleroderma that previously known as CREST. Unfortunately, the only thing limited about it is the amount of skin involvement. It also does not progress as quickly as Diffuse scleroderma but can still be deadly if/when it starts to attack the internal organs.

CREST

CREST is an acronym that stands for the most common symptoms of this variety of scleroderma. It stands for: Calcinosis, Raynaud’s, Esophageal Dysfunction, Sclerodactyly, and Telangiectasias.

While the above lists the common symptoms of this subset of scleroderma it does not tell the entire story and so they changed the name from CREST to limited. As mentioned above, the only thing limited is the amount of skin involvement. This disease can affect all internal organs and systems and cause widespread chronic pain.

At some point, I plan to add a lot more information about scleroderma but for now, here is a link to some of what the Mayo Clinic has to say about it. Be sure to scroll down to the complications. Not to scare you but it is important to know how devastating this disease can get. The key to a good prognosis is early detection of the complications. For example, when I was first diagnosed with Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD) I was immediately put on Prednisone and azathioprine (Imuran). At the time of discovery, my lung CT scans showed that the bottom lobes of both lungs were collapsed and my lungs were covered in white spots. With time and treatment, my lower lobes are no longer collapsed and the white spots have pretty much gone. My respirologist discharged me on the condition that my rheumatologist schedule regular pulmonary function tests and keeps an eye on things to ensure that it doesn’t start deteriorating again.

Sjogren’s

Sjogren's

Sjogren’s, is another systemic autoimmune disease. Most patients experience severe dry eyes and mouth which are the 2 most common symptoms. However, Sjogren’s is systemic and often causes fatigue and joint pain.

Sjogren’s can also attack and cause dysfunction of the kidneys, gastrointestinal system, blood vessels, lungs, liver, pancreas, and even the central nervous system. Sjogren’s also increases the risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Primary Biliary Cholangitis (PBC)

Primary Biliary Cholangitis PBC

Primary biliary cholangitis is a liver disease where the immune system attacks the bile ducts and damages them. PBC as it is often called, is a complication of both scleroderma and Sjogren’s. When I was diagnosed back around 2004 it was still called Primary Biliary Cirrhosis. With treatment, it is rare for PBC to progress to the Cirrhosis phase so they changed the name to make it more accurate. Please note that this disease has nothing to do with alcohol abuse. It is a complication of both scleroderma and Sjogren’s.

Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD)

Interstitial Lung Diseases (ILD)

Interstitial lung disease is a yet another complication of both Sjogren’s and scleroderma.

ILD is a fibrosing disorder of the lungs that causes scarring and can lead to respiratory failure if not treated.

I got lucky with this one. My interstitial lung disease was found early and I started treatment with both Plaquinil and Imuran. At my last appointment with my respirologist he declared me stable and discharged me back to my rheumatologist. When it was first found the bottom lobes of both lungs were collapsed and both lungs were covered in white spots on the lung scan. It took time but each lung scan showed improvement. My lungs are no longer collapsed and there is only sparse white spots on the lung scan. Unfortunately, there is still scarring that won’t likely go away. It is recommended by the respirologist that I continue with yearly pulmonary function tests and echocardiograms.

Heart Issues

So far tests show I have a stiff heart which, from what I’ve read, means fibrosis. I’ve also been diagnosed with diastolic dysfunction, and some mild pericardial effusion.

My interventional cardiologist explained that my heart is very strong and can squeeze well but has trouble relaxing so it doesn’t fill up with blood very well. Another report I saw indicates that I have some right-sided pressure which could mean PAH or pulmonary arterial hypertension but no one is saying anything about that yet. Once again, these are all complications of both scleroderma and Sjogren’s.

I’ve also had issues with palpitations and some serious spikes in blood pressure. I don’t have a lot of confidence in my new family doctor at this point as I feel he doesn’t understand my autoimmune diseases. It scares me when he told me no more tests because “they just complicate things.” As I mentioned above, early diagnosis of complications is very important as to the outcome of those complications. I did manage to get him to do a 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure test BUT he had his secretary contact me to cancel my appointment saying that my blood pressure was well within the normal range. I already knew that BUT the spikes in blood pressure are dangerously high. My home care nurse is very concerned in particular with my diastolic blood pressure.

Mental Health

Due to harassment and bullying at work in 2014, I also developed PTSD, anxiety, panic disorder, and major depressive disorder. It was during and after this incident that my autoimmune diseases decided to take a nosedive even though they had been more than manageable prior to this. So, yes Virginia, stress does play a very important role in the prognosis of autoimmune diseases.

Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia

More recently, I was informed by the scleroderma specialist at Mount Sinai in Toronto that I had complex pain syndrome and fibromyalgia. I had been told decades ago that I had fibromyalgia but then told no, I had CREST scleroderma. Guess I have it all!

Fibromyalgia is not just aches and pains. It is thought to be caused by damaged nerves.

I’m not sure about the fibromyalgia diagnosis since it was a diagnosis from years ago before I was diagnosed with autoimmune diseases. I was later told I didn’t have it and my current rheumatologist never mentions it so who knows for sure.

Interstitial Cystitis

Interstitial Cystitis

For over a year I would get one urinary tract infection after another. At least that’s what the doctors thought. I did get a kidney infection that put me in the hospital but most were not UTIs.

Doctors were not waiting for the results of the culture growths when I would complain of UTI symptoms and would just start me on antibiotics right away. Eventually, I was referred to a urologist.

It was the urologist that determined that, for the most part, the culture did not grow and yet I always had symptoms and blood and leukocytes in my urine. Tests confirmed that I had interstitial cystitis.

The urologist’s theory was that my Sjogren’s was causing my urethra to be dry and inflamed and that was causing the blood and leukocytes. He recommended Vagifem cream to try and add some moisture. I started using the Vagifem at the first signs of symptoms and it helped to a degree. It was not until my internal medicine doctor prescribed lactated Ringer’s IV fluids every 3 weeks that I stopped having symptoms.

The IV treatment has helped with all dehydration-type symptoms including headaches and cramps but if I have to go longer than 3 weeks I start to get pretty sick again.

Melanoma

Melanoma

Melanoma is the most insidious of the skin cancers. It doesn’t look like much but it will spiderweb underneath the skin where you can’t see it and can be fatal if not caught.

This picture is similar to what mine looked like.

I was lucky enough to have an observant family doctor who referred me to a dermatologist right away. The dermatologist thought the mole looked suspicious as the edges were not well defined and ordered a biopsy that came back positive. When the melanoma was removed I received the good news that they got it all and the margins were clear.

While my melanoma has been cured, I thought it important to put down here since it is possible that I was at a higher risk due to my autoimmune diseases.

Living Document

This page will be a living document and will likely have updates as I get organized and start adding more and more information. I think this page will be a sort of site map with a separate page complete with links to each disease and the complications of each disease. Please come back and check again.